Common Ingredient names

Daily use common ingredients 1

This glossary includes Common Ingredient names in five  Indian languages – Tamil, Malayalam, Kannada, Telugu, and Hindi apart from English. When you are viewing in mobile, scroll to the left to view in all six languages.

ENGLISHHINDITAMILMALAYALAMTELUGUKANNADA
AlmondsBadamBaadaam, VadhumaiBadamBadamBadami
Amaranthus dubiusChauli/ Chavleri saagArai keeraiCheeraYerra thottakura / koyaguraArave soppu / Dantina soppu
Amaranthus spinosus/ Prickly amaranthKanta chaulayiMullu keeraiKaatumullenkeeraMulla thotakooraMullu haruve
Amaranthus viridus / pigweedJunglee chaulayiKuppai keeraiKuppa cheeraChilaka thotakooraKere soppu/daggi soppu
AniseedValaiti Saunf, aawonfSombuShombuKuppi soptuSompu
AsafoetidaHingPerungayamKaayamInguvaHingu
AshgourdSafed PethaPoosanikkaaiIlavan,KumbalangnaBoodia GummadiBoodi Kumbala
AvacadoAvacadoVennai pazhamAvaocadoAvokadoAvocado
BananaKelaVazhai pazhamVazha pazhamAratiBale
Banyard milletSanwa/Samvat ke chawal/JhangoraKuthiraivaliKavadapulluOdaluOodhalu
BasilTulsiThulasiThulasiThulasiThulasi
Bay leafTej PattaBiriyani IlaiKaruva ilaBe akuLavangada ele
Bengal GramChanna DalKadalai ParuppuKadala ParippuSenaga PappuKadale Bele
Bitter GourdKarelaPagarkai/ PavakkaPavaykka / KaipakkaKakarakayaHagalakayi
Black Caraway seeds/Nigella seedsKalajeera,kalonjiKarunjeerakamKarunjeerakamNalla jeelakarraKari jeerige
Black Gram(Split)Urad dalUlutham paruppuUzhunnu parippuMina PappuUddina Bele
Black gram(whole)Sabat UradUlundhuUzhunnuMinu MuluUddu
Bottle gourdGhia,LaukiSuraikaaiCheraikaiSorakayaSorekai
BrinjalBainganKathirikaaiVazhudhiningnyaVankayaBadanekai
Broad BeansSem,PapdiAvaraikaaiAmarakaiPedda ChikkuduChapparad-avare
Broken wheatDhaliya,LapsiGodhumai ravaiGodhumbu AriDanchina GadhumaluKuttida Godhi
BuckwheatKuttuPapparai, Mara godhumaiTaninnu
ButterMakhanVennaiVennaVennaBenne
CabbageBandh GobiMuttaikosuMuttakoseKosuKosu,Donne
CapsicumSimla MirchKuda MilagaaiParangi MulaguPedda mirappaMenasinakai
Caraway seedsSiya Zira, ShahjeeraShimai ShambuShima jeerakamSima jirakaiShima jeerige
Cardamoms (Brown)Moti ElaichiElakkaai(Pazhupu)ElakkayaYalakuluYalakki
Cardamoms (Green)Choti ElaichiElakkaai(Pachai)Pacha ElakkayaYalakulu(Pachavi)Yalakki(Hasuru)
Cardiospermum halicacabum / Baloon vineKanphata / KanphutiMudakathan keeraiPaluruvam / Karuthakunni / JyotishmatiBuddakakara / Kasaritige,Erumballi / Bekkinatoddinaballi
CarrotGaajarCarrotCarrotGajjara gaddaGajjari
CashewnutKajuMunthiri paruppuKashuvandiJeedi pappuGeru beeja
Castor oilRendee ka thaelAmanuku ennai/
Velakennai
Avanakenna/
Velakenna
AmudamuHaralenne
CauliflowerPhulgobiCauliflowerColiflowerCauliflowerHookosu
Chick peasKabuli ChaneVellai Kothukadalai,
Kondaikadalai
Vella KadalaSenagaluKadale kaalu
CeleryShalari, AjmudAjmodaAyamodhakamAkukuralaSelari
Chironje nutsChar/ Chironji/
Chiraunji
Sarai paruppuMoongapaezh/
nuramaram
Sara PappuCharoli
CinnamonDalchiniLavangapattaiKaruvapatta, KarayamboovuDalchina ChekkaDalchini
Clarified butterGheeNeyNeyyNeyyiTuppa
ClovesLaungKraambu KaarambLavangaluLavanga
Cluster BeansGawaar/Guaar/
Guarphali
KothavarangaiKothamaraGoruchikkudu/
Gokarakaya/
Matikkaya
Chavalikayi/
Javalikayi
CoconutNaariyalThengaaiNaalikeram,ThengnaKobbari kaayaTenginakai
Coconut oilNariyal thaelThenga ennaiVelichennaKobbari nuneTengina enne
Corriander leavesHara dhaniyaKothamalli IlaiKothamalli IlaKothimeeraKottambari Soppu
Corriander seedsSukha dhaniyaKothamalli vidhaiKothamalli, MalliDhaniyaluKottambari Beeja
Corn flourRefined makai ka attaChola maavuCholapodiMokkajonnalu pindiMusukinajolada Hittu
CucumberKakriVellerikaaiVellarikkaDosaikaiSautekayi
Cumin seedsJeeraJeeragamJeerakamJeelakaraJeerige
CurdDahiThayirThayiruPeruguMosaru
Curry leavesKadi pattaKariveppilaiKariveppilaKarivepakuKaribevu
CurrantsMunaqqaKarumdhraakshaiKaruthamunthiriEndu nalla ,
Dhraaksha
Dweepa,
Dhraakshi-kappu
DatesKhajurPerichampazhamEethapazhamKharjoora PanduKharjoora
Digera muricata / False AmaranthChanchaliThoyya keerai / Kaatu keeraiKaatucheeraChenchalicettuChenchalisoppu
DrumstickSahjan ki PhaliMurungai kaaiMuringnakkayaMunagakayaluNuggekai
Dry gingerSaunth/SoonthSukkuChukkuSontiShunti
Dry Mango powderAmchurMaanga podiMaangna podiMamidikaya pudiMavinakai Pudi
Dry PlumsAlu BukaraAalpacota Ular
Pazham
---
Dry white peasSukhe matar----
Eclipta prostrata/ False daisyBhringarajKarisalanganniKaithonni, KanjunniGalijeru / BringarajamuGarugalu / Garagadasaapu
FennelSaunf,sonpShombeiPerumjeerakamSopu,Pedda-jilakaraBadi-sopu
Fenugreek seedsMethi danaVendhayamUluvaMenthuluMenthe
Foxtail milletKangniThinaiThinaKorraluNavane
French beansPharasbeanBeansBeansFrench ChikkuduFrench beans,
Avare
GarlicLassanPoondu,Ulli poonduVeluthulli,VellulliVelluliBelluli
Ginger(fresh)AdhrakInjiInchiAllam(Pachchi)Ashi Shunti
Gram flourBesanKadalai mavuKadala maavuSenega PindiKadale hittu
GrapesAngurDhirakshaiMuntiriDhratchapanduDhraakshi
GreensSaagKeeraiCheera-Soppu
Green ChilliesHari MirchPachai milagaiPachamulaguPachchi MirapakayaluHasi Menasinakai
Green gram(whole)Sabut moongPachai payiruCheru payaruPesaluHesaru
Green gram(split)Moong dalPayatham ParuppuCheru payaru parippu, cherparippuPesara pappuHesaru bele
GuavasAmrudKoyyapazhamPerakkaiJaamapanduSeebe
HoneyShahadThaenThaenTeneJenu
Horse gramKulthiKolluMuthiraUlavaluHuruli kalu,
Hurali kalu
JackfruitKathalPazhapazhamChakka pazhamPanasa panduHalasina hannu
JaggeryGurVellamSarkara,VellamBellamBella
Kidney beansRajmaPavala mochai--Capparadavare
Kodo milletKodraVaraguVarakArikeluArka
Lady’s fingerBhindiVendaikaaiVendakkaBendakaayaBendekai
LettuceSalad ke patteLettuce keeraiUvarcheeraLettuce kooraLettuce Soppu
LemonNimbuElumicham PazhamCherunarangnaNimmaNimbe
Little milletKutki, Sama,SamaiChamaSamaluSame
MaceJavithriJaadipathiriJaathipathiriJaapathiriJaapatri
MaizeJowarCholamCholamJonnaluMekke jola
MangoAamMaampazhamMaampazhamMamidipanduMavina hannu
MilkDoodhPaalPaalPalaHaalu
Mint leavesPudinaPudhinaaPudhinaaPudhina KooraPudina Sopu
Moringa oleifera leaves/ Drumstick leavesSahjan ka pattaMurungai keeraiMurunga ElaMunaga AakuluNugge Yelle
MushroomKukar mooteKaalaanKoonuPutta godugu
Mustard oilSarsoon ka thelKadugu ennaiKadugennaAvanuneSasive enne
Mustard seedsRaiKaduguKaduguAavaaluSasive Kalu
NutmegJaiphalJaadhikaaiJathikkaJaikkayaJaika
OnionsPyaazVengayamUlliYerra gaddaluIrulli
OrangeSantraOranju,
Kichilipazham
Madura narangnaKamala PanduKittale
Palm oilTaad ka taelPamayilPana ennaTavudu nuneTale enne
PapayaPapithaPapalipazhamPappaliPobbayapanduPappayi
ParselyAjmooda ka patta----
PeanutMoongphaliVerkadalainilakadalaVeru Chenga PappuKadalekayi
PeasMattarPattaniPattani payarauBathaneduBatani
Pearl milletBajraKambuKambuSajjaluSajje
PearsRahilaBaerikaiPaerikkaBaeriPaerale
PeppercornsKaali mirch ki daneMilaguKurumulaguMiriyaaluMenasina Kalu,
Karimenasa
PineappleAnannasAnnasipazhamKazhudhachakkaAnanasipanduAnanas
Pomogranate seedsAnardanaMaadhulai vidhaiMadhala narangna kuruDaanimma ginjaluDalimbo beeja
Poppy seedsKhuskhusKasakasaaKaskasGasagasaaluGasagase beeja
PotatoAlooUrulai KizhanguUralakezhangnuBangala DumpaAalugadde
Proso milletChenaPanivaraguPanivaraguVarigaluBaragu
RadishMooliMullangiMullangiMullangiMullangi
Ragi/Finger milletRagi/NachniKelvaraguMuthari,Panjapullu,
Koovaragu
RaguluRagi
RaisinsKhishmishUlar DhraakshaiUnakkamunthiriKismis PalluDweepadrakshi
Raw bananaKachcha kelaVazhakkaaiVazhakkaAratikayaBalle kaya
Red chilliesLal mirchMilagai vatral, Sigappu milagaiChuvanna mulaguErra mirapa kayaluKempu Menasinakai
Red gramArhar dalThuvaram paruppuThuvara ParippuKandi PappuTogari Bele
Red lentils(split)Masoor dalMasoor paruppu, mysore paruppuMasoor parippuMissu PappuMasur Bele
Red pumpkinBhoplaParangikaaiMathanErra GummadiKempu kumbala
Refined flour
(All purpose flour)
MaidaMaida maavuMaidaMaida pindiMaida hittu
RiceChawalArisiAriVariAkki
Rice flakesChivdaArisi avalavilAtukuluAvalakki
Ridge GourdTureePeerkangaiPeechangyaBeerakayaHirekayi
Roasted gramBhuna Channa/SattuPottukadalaiPori kadalaKalcina gramaHurida gram
SaffronKesarKunguma pookungumapoovuKumkum poovakesari
SagoSabudhanaJavarisichowwariSabbiyyamu,Sabaki
SaltNamakUppuUppuUppuUppu
SapotaChikuSapotaSapotaSapotapandusapota
Sesbania grandifloraAgasthi, Gaach-mungaAgathi keeraiAkattiAvishaAgasi
Sesame oilTil ka thaelNallennai/ Ell ennaaiEllenna/NallenaNuvvula nuneEllina enne
Sesame seedsTilElluElluNuvvuluellu
Snake GourdChachindaPudalangaiPadavalangyaPotlakayaAdla balli /
Adla kaayi/
Padavalakai/
Solanum nigrum / Black nightshade greensMokoiManathakali keerai / Chukutti keeraiMulaku thakkali cheera / Kasumuthi /Karim thakkaliKasakaKaagehannina gida / Kaakamache,
SorghumJowarCholamCholamJonnaJola
SpinachPalakPasalaikkeraiCheeraPachalikooraPalaka
Spring OnionsHari pyaazVengaya thaalUlli thalVulli kadaEerulli hoova
String beansBarbattiThatta payaruAchingya,
Achingya payaru
-Alasande kayi
SugarCheeniSarkarai/ sakkaraiPanjasara / pansaraChakaraSakkare
Sugar candyMisriKalkanduKalkandamKalakandaKalkandu
Sweet potatoShakarkandhSakkaravalli
kizhangu
Madura KizhanguChilakada dumpaSihi Genasu
TamarindImliPuliPuliChinthapanduHunase Hannu
Tapioca,
Cassava
CassavaMaravalli kizhanguKappaKarapendalamMaragenasu
TomatoTamatarThakkaliThakkaliTamataGoore hannu
TurmericHaldiManjalManjnalPasupuArasina
TurnipShalgamTurnipTurnip
Thyme seedsAjwainOmamAyamodakamVamuOma
VermicilliSevainSemiyaSemiyaSemiyaShavige
VinegarSirkaPulikaadiVinagiri,Surka--
WalnutAkhrootAkhrootAkrotandi
Akhroot kayaAcrota
WheatGehuGodhumaiGodhambuGodhumaluGodhi
WheyPaneer ka pani----
White kidney beansChowlyVellai karamaniVen payarAlasandalu
Whole dried milkKhoya, Mava-----
Wood appleBhelVilampazhamVelagapandu
YamSuranChenai kizhanguChenaKanda dumpaSuvarnagadde

 

I have tried to include most of the ingredients in everyday usage. I will keep adding more as and when I come across new names. If you know of any missing ingredient, do let me know. I Shall be happy to include.

Lots of time and effort have been put in creating this glossary from old cookbooks received with various products bought by me and google translate, so I would appreciate that you do not copy. Thanks!!!

 

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